Links related to biodiversity
Destrucción neta de biodiversidad – La Jornada
New biodiversity chief to UN Secretary-General wants biodiversity mainstreamed
http://biographic.com/posts/sto/the-shortfalls-of-biodiversity – @bioGraphic @pkareiva
Assessing the Cost of Global Biodiversity and Conservation Knowledge – @IUCNscience
Biodiversity greater inside Earth’s protected areas, study finds – Guardian
Local biodiversity is higher inside than outside terrestrial protected areas worldwide – Nature.com
It’s always a joy to discover a new species. But there is a downside… @nijhuism @guardianeco
Ecologists Can’t Beat Invasive Species, So They’re Joining Them
Too Much Gloom in Scicomm? Or… Let’s Celebrate Conservation Successes! – @Dr_AnnaM
Halting biodiversity loss is a win for all – @KarmenuVella
http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-15-5746_en.htm – PDF
UN biodiversity report highlights failure to meet conservation targets
Park Science Special Issue on Biodiversity – @NatlParkService
http://pubs.iied.org/14627IIED.html – @IIED
Crowdsourcing biodiversity: Citizen Science comes of age
Making people know value of biodiversity biggest challenge: National Biodiversity Authority
Indigenous peoples urge action on biodiversity loss – tangata whenua
Two ‘Green Lists’ Will Mark Conservationists’ Successes
Many Nevada species in danger of going extinct
Mission to map 10 million species in 50 years
Mobile phone apps for agricultural biodiversity
Museum Victoria’s Field guide app out now
Bioacoustics approaches in biodiversity inventories – @KlausRiede
May 22 is the International Day for Biological Diversity (Día Internacional de la Diversidad Biológica). Planeta.com hosts a live video hangout over the #IDB2016 weekend. Friends and colleagues who would like to appear on camera should contact Ron Mader. The format will be a guided tour of key websites and online resources focusing on biodiversity. We will also be updating the curated #IDB2016 Storify feature and the Biodiversity Now presentation.
Starting Time: Las Vegas, Saturday, May 21 730am
IDB is hosted by the Convention on Biological Diversity
Hashtags: #IDB2016, #BioDiversityDay
For the International Day for Biological Diversity) (May 22) we held two hangouts that yielded perspectives of the situation and threat to biodiversity in Australia, Bolivia and the USA.
Aichi – Animals – Biodiversity – Biophilia – Carl von Linné – CITES – Conservation – Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) – Destruction – Ecology – Ecosystem – Ethnobotany – Extinction – Fauna – Flora – fpic – Habitat – Health – Hotspot – Indicator Species – IPBES – Islands – KBAs (Key Biodiversity Areas) – Keystone Species – Life – Local – Mammals – nbsap – Species – Trophic Level – Wildlife
Keystone species = A species that has a disproportionate effect on its environment relative to its biomass. Such species affect many other organisms in an ecosystem and help to determine the types and numbers of various other species in a community. Such an organism plays a role in its ecosystem that is analogous to the role of a keystone in an arch. While the keystone is under the least pressure of any of the stones in an arch, the arch still collapses without it. – Wikipedia
Re-Imagining North American Ecotourism
Re-Imagining South American Ecotourism
Biodiversity of Central America / Biodiversidad de Centroamerica
How do YOU celebrate the International Year of Biodiversity 2010?
2010 International Year of Biodiversity
Encyclopedia of Life
The Green Wave
Amphibian Specialist Group
— Vernon Tava (@vernontava) May 21, 2015
Biodiversity is Delicious! http://www.flickr.com/photos/planeta/5118323809
Go wild over biodiversity!
Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO) is the flagship publication of the Convention on Biological Diversity. It is a periodic report that summarizes the latest data on the status and trends of biodiversity and draws conclusions relevant to the further implementation of the Convention. The fourth edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook was launched on the opening day of the Twelfth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 12) in Pyeongchang, Korea. The report draws on various sources of information to provide a mid-term assessment of progress towards the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, an issue which will be discussed during COP-12.
In addition to the ‘shiny’ report above, there are also several technical documents published that fed into the GBO 4 reporting. See below:
https://www.cbd.int/doc/publications/cbd-ts-78-en.pdf (Progress Towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets: An Assessment of Biodiversity Trends, policy scenarios and key actions)
https://www.cbd.int/doc/publications/cbd-ts-79-en.pdf (How Sectors Can Contribute to Sustainable Use and Conservation of Biodiversity)
https://www.cbd.int/doc/publications/cbd-ts-81-en.pdf (Plant Conservation Report 2014: A Review of Progress Towards the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation 2011-2020)
Here also are related peer-reviewed manuscripts that came out of the work for the GBO4 report:
Marques et al. 2014. A framework to identify enabling and urgent actions for the 2020 Aichi Targets. Basic and Applied Ecology: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1439179114001261
This paper focuses on the interrelations of targets, trying to demonstrate that achieve the 20 targets can’t be done one-by-one, but that target achievement is likely to depend on the achievement of other targets. The work is open-access.
Tittensor et al. 2014. Towards a framework for assessment and management of cumulative human impacts on marine food webs. Science: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/266384324_A_mid-term_analysis_of_progress_toward_international_biodiversity_targets. This is not open access, but I have provided a link to the document on ResearchGate. Here also the supplementary info that describes the methods in greater detail: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/266388449_Tittensor.SM This manuscript was a lot of work compiled into one paper so it is rather dense to wade through, but the main text is digestible and gives some key messages on the trends that we found for each of the 20 targets.
Adding value from nature (PDF)
CBD Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development
International guidelines for activities related to sustainable tourism development in vulnerable terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems and habitats of major importance for biological diversity and protected areas, including fragile riparian and mountain ecosystems
The Living Planet Report is the world’s leading, science-based analysis on the health of our planet and the impact of human activity. Knowing we only have one planet, WWF believes that humanity can make better choices that translate into clear benefits for ecology, society and the economy today and in the long term.
Mentioned in our May 2015 #idb2015 Hangout
What Has Nature Ever Done For Us? – Leading environmentalist and sustainability adviser Tony Juniper argues that we must put a price on nature if we are to save it. See what people said on Twitter: #RSAnature
Healthy Biodiversity, Healthy Humans – 2010 has been proclaimed by the United Nations as the Year of Biodiversity. In its statement the UN points out that over the past half-century, human activities have caused an unprecedented decline in biological diversity, with species becoming extinct a thousand times faster than the natural rate. The statement goes on to say that “business as usual is not an option” and that a new biodiversity vision is needed. Dr Aaron Bernstein says that our health is dependent on the natural world and that we must protect the health and welfare Of it to protect our own health.
Borneo – biodiversity under threat – The island of Borneo is home to some of the most unique and unusual creatures you’ve ever heard of…and many more you haven’t. But if you want to see them, you may need to hurry. Rainforest habitat in Borneo is being destroyed faster than anywhere else in the world, mostly to be replaced by the destructive monoculture of palm oil plantations. Are the days of Borneo’s extraordinary biodiverity numbered?
The history of species – John Wilkins is a philosopher at the University of Sydney. His latest book is called Species – A History of the Idea, published by the University of California Press. Today he talks about how the complex idea of species has evolved over time, yet its meaning is far from resolved.
Biodiversity and Indigenous Peoples in Australia – To raise awareness of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), and to promote effective participation by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in CBD processes. Prepared by the Foundation for Aboriginal and Islander Research Action (FAIRA), in partnership with the CBD Alliance, with funding from SwedBio.
Filmed and edited by Damien Curtis & Sinem Saban (2010)
The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) study is a major international initiative to draw attention to the global economic benefits of biodiversity, to highlight the growing costs of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, and to draw together expertise from the fields of science, economics and policy to enable practical actions moving forward.
Translating: Biodiversity is the variety of all living organisms on earth. While the concept is as old as life itself, ‘biodiversity’ was coined in 1986.
Spanish: La biodiversidad es la variedad de todos los organismos vivos de la tierra. Si bien el concepto es tan antiguo como la vida misma, “biodiversidad” fue acuñado en 1986.
Translating; Preserving #Biodiversity is everyone’s job = Preservar la #Biodiversidad tarea de todos
Preserving #Biodiversity is everyone’s job.
Preservar la #Biodiversidadtarea de todos.
Préserver la biodiversitétâche de tous.
Behoud van biodiversiteittaak van almal.
Erhaltung der Artenvielfalt Aufgabe von allen.
Scientists predict major changes to biodiversity – CSIRO study shows that ecosystems we grew up with will be changed so much as a result of climate change that they will look, sound and smell completely different in years to come. The study is the first Australia-wide assessment of the magnitude of the ecological impact that climate change could have on biodiversity.
Inquiry into biodiversity and climate change – A federal parliamentary inquiry is examining the threats to biodiversity emerging from climate change particularly for nationally important ecosystems. The inquiry will run for another twelve months and, of critical importance, according to the committee’s ALP chair Tony Zappia, is determining a way to engage many more people in efforts to preserve Australia’s diverse flora and fauna.
May 27-31 Trondheim Conference on Biodiversity – Ecology and Economy for a Sustainable Society, Trondheim, Norway
The trouble with offsets – Environmental offsets are supposed to compensate for ecosystems and biodiversity that are bulldozed to make way for development. But there’s mounting evidence the policy is being subverted, as governments approve controversial offsets across Australia. Di Martin investigates.
Offsetting biodiversity losses – Radio NZ
Can we have a robust public debate on biodiversity offsetting?
the first global conference on biodiversity offsetting
As a response to these challenges, IUCN Members adopted Resolution 110 at the World Conservation Congress 2012, which mandated the Director General to establish a working group to develop an IUCN general policy on biodiversity offsets. A technical study paper was prepared in the first phase of this process, which informed the development of the Draft Biodiversity Offsets Policy. Following a public consultation on the draft policy, which is now underway, the Policy Working Group is expected to finalize the draft policy for consideration by the IUCN Council meeting in September 2016.
UCN invites you to provide input on the draft biodiversity offsets policy by taking the following steps:
- Read the Overview of the IUCN Biodiversity Offsets Policy Process. (See French versionand Spanish version.)
- Read the Draft IUCN Biodiversity Offsets Policy. (See French version and Spanish version.) Please note that you are not required to comment on the entire draft policy document . Any input, even on select parts of the document, is welcome. You are also encouraged to circulate these documents widely through your networks, although we do ask, where feasible, that you provide one set of comments per organization.
- Share your comments by using this form. (See French version and Spanish version.)
- The pros and cons of biodiversity offsets by Ariel Brunner of BirdLife Europe
- A balancing act by Steve Edwards of IUCN
Quote: ‘so rooted in the culture, don’t talk about ‘biodiversity’
Indigenous Communities, Tourism and Biodiversity Workshop Series: New Information and Web-based Technologies
The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity is currently organizing a series of workshops on new information and web-based technologies within indigenous communities. The workshops are intended to support the sustainable use and management of biodiversity in tourism through bolstering the web-based capacities of indigenous tourism operators.
First Workshop of the Series: The Arctic (2007)
Second Workshop of the Series: Islands (2008)
The term ‘biophilia’ literally means ‘love of life or living systems.’ It was first used by Erich Fromm to describe a psychological orientation of being attracted to all that is alive and vital. Wilson uses the term in the same sense when he suggests that biophilia describes ‘the connections that human beings subconsciously seek with the rest of life.’
2010 – The UN General Assembly declared 2010 as the International Year of Biodiversity ( resolution 61/203). It designated the secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity as the focal point for the Year.
rel=”nofollow”>Equator Prize is awarded by the United Nations to recognize and celebrate outstanding community efforts to reduce poverty through the conservation of biodiversity.
Each year the IISE announces a list of the Top 10 New Species for the preceding calendar year. The Top 10 new species described in 2007, announced on May 23, 2008, are listed below with links to additional details about each species.
Target 14: By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.
Initiate action to address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss, by ensuring that biodiversity concerns are mainstreamed throughout government and society, through communication, education and awareness, appropriate incentive measures, and institutional change.
Discovering a new species isn’t like finding out you have more money in the bank than you thought. It’s like discovering an irreplaceable book in the library – just as you start to smell the smoke.
– Michelle Nijhuis, https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jul/02/giant-centipede-peacock-spiders-new-species-environment
When we look at Target 11 of the Aichi agreement from last year’s Conference of the Parties to the Convention of Biological Diversity, we see an enormous task ahead of us. Target 11 raises the proportion of the terrestrial surface in nationally designated terrestrial protected areas from 12.7% to 17% by 2020. This is, if my math is correct, an area nearly the size of Australia to be added to the globe’s protected area network. Think of it this way, using the average size of protected areas in the World Database on Protected Areas, this requires adding over 55,000 new areas in eight years. Think of the institutional and political commitment to this. Think of the number of managers and rangers that will be needed to be educated and trained. Think of the stress on current educational institutions to provide the courses and offerings needed for the thousands of people working there. Think of the tourism development challenges and opportunities that tens of thousands of new protected areas offer. The tourism industry needs to not just engage a discussion here, but also how to lead an authentic critical discussion, which will not only strengthen their industry and its capabilities to be a socially progressive one, but also greatly assist in making it a more desirable working place. – Steve McCool
Significantly, 80% of the world’s remaining biodiversity is in the territories of indigenous peoples, who constitute 4% of the world’s population. This is a fact worth noting to understand why sacred lands are key for biodiversity and human rights protection at a time when climate crises are destroying livelihoods and leading to unprecedented migration and displacement. “In a world where indigenous spirituality is misunderstood and invisible, it’s an historic moment that a four-hour-long film series about sacred land struggles and indigenous peoples’ rights is being broadcast in the U.S.,” says Toby McLeod, director of the films. “While the media mostly ignores this issue, indigenous-led grassroots movements like Idle No More are flowering and are framing their own narrative, unfiltered, on social media,” he says. The Sacred Land Film Project’s Facebook page had over 200,000 views this week alone. It is a testament to how independent filmmakers, alternative media, and indigenous advocates are changing the story by sharing examples of powerful counter-narratives and resistances in the face of unregulated capitalism, land grabs and climate change.
Changing the Narrative – Rucha Chitnis
The only way to conserve the overwhelming mass of biodiversity is to adopt larger-scale approaches at the levels of ecosystems and landscapes.
– Geoff Park, Conservation: Extinction Wave or Healing Tide?
We are not human in a vacuum. We need to embrace this land so that it can embrace us.
– Sally Morgan, Awaye
We’re destroying the book of life before we’ve read it.
– Bob May, cited in Controlling the future
If managed sustainably, World Heritage sites can give tourists the opportunity to visit some of the most beautiful places that the world has to offer while benefitting the natural environment at the same time.
– Giulia Carbone, Deputy Director of IUCN’s Global Business and Biodiversity Programme, Top Ten Tips
It’s only life afterall.
– Indigo Girls, Closer to Fine
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org – @BioDivLibrary – http://biodivlib.wikispaces.com/purposeful+gaming – http://www.flickr.com/photos/biodivlibrary
Fiscal Year 2015 BHL Annual Report is now available
Flickr: Biodiversity Library
UK Biodiversity Indicators
http://www.biodiversityfinance.net – @UNDPbiofin
http://indianbiodiversitytalk.blogspot.in – https://plus.google.com/106746963119811694527/posts
http://jrsbiodiversity.org – @JRSBiodiversity
http://www.biologicaldiversity.org – http://dontbeadrip.org – @CenterForBioDiv
UEBT Biodiversity Barometer. http://ethicalbiotrade.org/biodiversity-barometer
The Union for Ethical BioTrade is a non-profit association that promotes the “Sourcing with Respect” of ingredients that come from biodiversity. Ethical BioTrade advances sustainable business growth, local development and biodiversity conservation.
Forum is a global partnership aiming to support NBSAP revisions. It is hosted by the Secretariat of Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The purpose of the NBSAP Forum web portal is to support countries in finding the information they need to develop and implement effective National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs). The portal helps to develop a community of practice across a wide range of stakeholders, from national NBSAP practitioners who need access to timely information regarding best practices, guidance and resources, to individuals and organizations who wish to share their information, knowledge, support and resources. The NBSAP Forum portal provides a number of support functions, including:
- A repository of useful resources for NBSAP practitioners which can be explored by key themes;
- Online forums where members can ask the advice and share experiences with fellow practitioners and technical experts, organized by country, theme or region;
- A help desk facility and a list of Frequently Asked Questions to support NBSAP practitioners;
- A peer review facility in which practitioners can seek support and guidance on NBSAP development from fellow practitioners and technical experts.
- Bioversity International is a research-for-development organization seeking solutions to global issues through the use and conservation of agricultural and forest biodiversity.
- Tikal National Park
- Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve
- Sian Ka’an
- Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino
- Ujung Kulon National Park
- Komodo National Park
Biodiversity and Ecosystems: Why these are Important for Sustained Growth and Equity in Latin America and the Caribbean
- Local COP 10 Committee Website
- Resources for Negotiators
- ABS Negotiations
- The NGO Network on Biodiversity
- Planet Diversity
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
Biodiversity Support Program
Biodiversity in the Americas – Development Gateway
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN)
The Society for Conservation Biology (SCB)
Invasive Species Weblog
BioPlatform E-Conference (2004)
COP8 Photoset – Frank Segieth (2006)
European Biodiversity Research for a Sustainable Europe E-Conference (2007)
http://www.senckenberg.de – @Senckenberg – https://www.facebook.com/SenckenbergWorld
Biodiversity and Tourism Network
rel=”nofollow”>Biodiversity and Tourism Conference
QUESTIONS ON BIODIVERSITY AND TOURISM DEVELOPMENT
1) What trends (if any) have you observed in the relationship between biodiversity and tourism development in the last two years? (Increasing impacts, threats, opportunities, responses etc. …). Please refer us to any evidence if known.
2) In the last two years has your organisation been pursuing any particular initiatives, projects or programmes that relate directly or indirectly to the management of tourism and its impact on biodiversity? (e.g. governance, policies, planning, management, monitoring, capacity building … other)
3) Do you have any observations on tools and instruments for sustainable tourism management that are relevant to biodiversity … effective examples, recent or innovative approaches etc.?
4) Are there any key topics on tourism’s relationship to biodiversity (and specifically within the mandate and responsibility of CBD Parties, i.e. national governments) that you believe could most benefit from further assessment, exposure or action?
5) Are you aware of the CBD’s Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development? Have you used them, in your professional practice, or seen any direct reference to them in the last two years? (In parallel with this exercise we are revising CBD’s Manual on the Guidelines, see http://tourism.cbd.int/manual.shtml , and will keep you informed about this).
6) Finally, are there any destinations, businesses or initiatives that you feel provide particularly good examples of managing tourism development in the interests of biodiversity and ecosystem services?
XI/6. Cooperation with international organizations, other conventions and initiatives
The Conference of the Parties,
E. Collaboration on biodiversity and tourism development
Recalling its decision X/20, whichrequested the Executive Secretary to continue collaborating with the World Tourism Organization, including on a review of the application of the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development adopted by the Conference of the Parties at its seventh meeting (decision VII/14),
Recognizing that tourism has been consistently considered in decisions of the Conference of the Parties inter alia in relation to business and biodiversity, invasive alien species, island biodiversity, protected areas, resource mobilization, biodiversity for development and poverty eradication,
42. Welcomes the outcome of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), which acknowledges the concept of sustainable tourism and underlines, among other incentives, the importance of establishing, where necessary, appropriate guidelines and regulations in accordance with national priorities and legislation for promoting and supporting sustainable tourism;
43. Emphasizes that tourism is essential as a livelihood option, particularly for indigenous and local communities that are stewards of rich and biodiverse areas, and that long-term assistance and support for the sustainable development of tourism are needed, including capacity development in public agencies responsible for tourism planning and management in implementing the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development, in close cooperation with tourism stakeholders at destination level, including the private sector, non-governmental organizations and traditional leaders, and stresses that special management and governance of tourism are critical in natural destinations and ecosystems that harbour high biodiversity levels, and that partnerships and cooperative frameworks between appropriate public and private organizations are pivotal to protect biodiversity in those areas;
44. Notes the report of the Ad Hoc Open-Ended Working Group on Review of Implementation of the Convention on the work of its fourth meeting (UNEP/CBD/COP/11/4), which underlines the importance of the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development for the tourism business sector, and the note by the Executive Secretary reviewing the progress made by Parties and partners in implementing these guidelines (UNEP/CBD/COP/11/INF/52/Rev.1); .
45. Notes that the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development provide a tangible and comprehensive set of tools for the practical implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 in the area of tourism development and serve as a basis for the development of sustainable tourism criteria, as carried out by the Global Partnership on Sustainable Tourism and applied through voluntary certification systems by parts of the tourism business sector;
46. Recognizes the progress made by Parties and organizations, such as the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and its Consulting Unit on Biodiversity, in implementing the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development;
47. Invites Parties and relevant stakeholders to strengthen efforts to further document and raise awareness of biodiversity and sustainable tourism development through the dissemination of best practices, enhanced application of the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development and other effective voluntary tools,
48. Calls on Parties and stakeholders, such as intergovernmental, governmental and non-governmental entities, including the private sector, to promote dialogue, enhanced cooperation and partnerships on sustainable tourism management for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, for added economic value, job creation and poverty reduction, and for the benefit of sustainable regional development;
49. Invites the World Tourism Organization and other relevant organizations to cooperate with the Convention on Biological Diversity on the identification of critical tourism and conservation hot spots to support the integration of biodiversity aspects into sustainable tourism development; and,
50. Decides to review the application of the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development at its twelfth meeting, in order to improve, inter alia, the provision of updated and innovative tools and instruments on sustainable tourism management to Parties and interested stakeholders and enhance their contribution to the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020.
“The Future We Want”: outcome document adopted by the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), paras 130 and 131.
Less Active Twitter
Ninth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (May 19-30, 2008) (Bonn, Germany)