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Cartagena

Photo: Museo del Oro Zenú

A vibrant city on the Caribbean Coast of Colombia, Cartagena is a UNESCO World Heritage located southwest of the Sierra Santa Marta, a biodiversity hotspot.

Nested between two continents, Colombia is a country of contrasts. To the west lies the Pacific Ocean, where hundreds of humpback whales mate and give birth not far off the coast. The Caribbean Sea and its mangrove ecosystem lie north. The Andes Cordillera, home to the Andean condor, traverses the central region, and the Amazon region of Colombia covers the south, where the Amazon river dolphin (pink dolphin) is found.

Colombia is home to about 10 percent of all known species on Earth, including as many as 340 endemic species. Despite inspiring stories of conservation progress on species like the Andean condor or Colombia’s wild cats, Colombia’s biodiversity still faces growing development pressure; over-exploitation of natural resources; urban pollution; climate change; recognition of community land and resource rights; and emerging diseases. Within this dynamic environment live nearly 50 million people, from the skyscrapers of Bogotá to the rural countryside that many indigenous peoples call home. All are affected by the fate of the biodiversity of Colombia.

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