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Biodiversity and climate change: Contributions from science to policy for sustainable development

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THE LIMA DECLARATION ON BIODIVERSITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE: Contributions from Science to Policy for Sustainable Development, CBD Technical Series No.89 A joint publication by CBD, GIZ – Pro Ambiente, and IAI.

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https://www.cbd.int/doc/publications/cbd-ts-89-en.pdf

Biodiversity and climate change: Contributions from science to policy for sustainable development

Table of Contents

THE FRAMEWORK

Biodiversity and climate change.
David Cooper

Consideration of the IPCC 5° report on mitigation.
Gabriel Blanco

1. BIODIVERSITY AND CARBON FLUX IN TROPICAL ECOSYSTEMS

Biodiversity increases the resilience of tropical forests to climate change: implications for conservation policy.
Tim Baker

Recent changes in Amazon Forest Biomass.
Oliver Phillips

Variability of Ocean Ecosystems around South America (VOCES).
Sara Purca et al

2. IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON BIODIVERSITY, SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL-SYSTEMS AND ITS MEASUREMENTS

A monitoring network to detect the impact of climate change on tree biodiversity and carbon in Amazonian floodplain forests.
Euridice Honorio and Frederick Draper

Effects of climate change on a temperate low range mountain Forest (National Park Bavarian Forest), outputs from monitoring.
Claus Bäsler

IUCN’s Trait-based Assessment of Climate Change Vulnerability of the World’s Birds and Amphibians: A Focus on the Amazon.
Wendy Foden

Predicting the impacts of climate change on biodiversity: the need for a global open data infrastructure.
Tim Hirsch

Wireless sensor networks and analytics as emerging tools for a paradigm shi on Environmental monitoring.
Arturo Sánchez-Azofeifa

Impact of Climate Change on Wildlife and Indigenous Communities in Flooded Forests of the Peruvian Amazon.
Richard Bodmer et al.

Overview of the panel on biodiversity and health under climate change.
Doreen Montag et al.

3. ECOSYSTEM-BASED SOLUTIONS AND OTHER APPROACHES TO COPE WITH CLIMATE CHANGE

Integrated territorial management, as a mechanism for mitigation and adaptation to climate change.
Lilian Painter et al.

A socio-ecological perspective on change driven by both social and climatic factors: the Santa River in Peru.
Kenneth Young et al. .

The importance of genetic considerations in ecosystem restoration for enhancing resilience against climate change.
Evert omas et al

Effective adaptation strategies and Risk Reduction to Global Changes in Small Farmers in Mesoamerica.
Ana Lucía Solano et al.

4. CONCLUSIONS, FURTHER RESEARCH AND GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS

139 ANNEX. The Lima Declaration on Biodiversity and Climate Change

 

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Biodiversity and climate change: a delicate balance ensuring our survival

 Preface

It is evident that the worsening of climate change and its impact on all forms of life on earth demand for both, science and policy, boosting cooperation mechanisms and uid and timely communication. is will allow society to address the negative e ects, adapt to the changes that will inevitably a ect our life quality, and to weigh the bene ts that may result from such changes. Cooperation between science and policy should take place both in the design of measures to promote science, in the design of regulatory frameworks and economic, social and environmental policy, seeking to change the behavior of individuals.

The Symposium “Biodiversity and Climate Change, Contributions from Science to Policy”, organized prior to the 20th United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP 20), held in Lima, o ered an extraordinary opportunity to share different perspectives about the implications of climate change on biodiversity. It not only discussed the nature of the threat, but also identified common challenges, alternative solutions and potential partnerships which can contribute to developing joint measures of mitigation and adaptation to climate change, as well as the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

The Symposium was attended by prominent scientists from Europe, the Americas and Peru, who had the opportunity to exchange information and disseminate their latest findings on biodiversity and climate change.

The event was particularly helpful to share the results of prominent research on the characteristics, vulnerability and potential for resilience found in Amazonian Rainforest, Andean Mountains and marine ecosystems with the international scientific community and Peruvian government representatives.

The German Cooperation, implemented by GIZ, through its programme “Contribution to the Environmental Objectives of Peru (ProAmbiente)”, found in this meeting an enabling environment for a dialogue between scientists and policy makers, and to improve the general conditions for the application of research results in the sustainable use and future conservation of forest, mountain, marine ecosystems and environmental gradients, in face of climate change.

As an output of this fruitful meeting, organized in collaboration with the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI) and the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), this document offers the contributions from the scientific community to the understanding of biodiversity and carbon ux in tropical ecosystems; the impact of climate change on biodiversity and the local populations, the methodologies to understand them, as well as some ecosystem-based solutions and other approaches to cope with climate change.

Silke Spohn,
GIZ – Pro Ambiente
Deutsche Gesellscha für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, GmbH, ProAmbiente

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