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Investing in Biodiversity: COP14 Declaration


Official statement from the UN Biodiversity COP 14


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Sharm El-Sheikh Declaration Investing in Biodiversity for People and Planet
https://www.cbd.int/doc/c/b88b/15fd/ce60b9f3cccb30be25a7c42a/sharmelsheikh-declaration-egypt-en.pdf (PDF)

We, the ministers and other heads of delegation, having met with the occasion of the United Nations Biodiversity Conference, Sharm El-Sheikh,Egypt, 20181, on14 and 15November,Biodiversity Mainstreaming Reaffirm that biodiversity and ecosystems are the fundamental infrastructure that supports all forms of life on Earth. They are essential not only for the provision of all natural services, but also for underpinning economic growth and sustainable development;Note that human health depends on biodiversity in multiple ways, and that the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services negatively impacts human health; Note that the increase in human population and rapid urbanization projected over the coming decades will lead to significant demand for resources associated to various economic and development related sectors, including energy and mining, infrastructure and manufacturing and processing, posing significant risks to biodiversity andecosystems,butcouldalsopresentmultiple benefitstosociety,ifmanaged in an inclusive and sustainable manner;Recognizethat virtually all economic sectors, including energy and mining, infrastructure, and manufacturingand processing, as well as health, rely on the services provided by nature, including the provision of rawmaterials, freshwater, and protection against natural disasters;Notethat the loss of such serviceshasan impact on all aspects of humanlife, including on global resources anddevelopment opportunities, as well as on business models, trade relations and regional relations, among social aspects that may gravely affectthe future of the world for the rest of the century and beyond;Notethat indigenous peoples and local communities, academia, civil society, local governments and authorities,the business sector,and othernon-stateactors,have an essentialrole in the conservation and sustainable use ofbiodiversity, given that they have a direct impact on sustainability choices;Underlinethat we need to form alliances to mainstream biodiversity across sectors to better align goals, actionsand resources, feeding into a coordinated approach on biodiversity-sustainability actions, as a center piece forthe transition to sustainable development, hand in hand with safeguarding and restoring biodiversityandecosystem functions;Reaffirmour commitmentto:Work at all levels within our governments and across all sectors to mainstream biodiversity, establishingeffective institutional, legislative and regulatory frameworks, tailored to national needs and circumstances, andincorporating an inclusiveand transformative economic, social and cultural approach with full respect for natureand human rights, through the following actions:(a)Ensure that themultiplevalues of biodiversity are well integrated in legislative and policy frameworks,development and financeplansand policyprocesses at all levels;(b)Apply best practicesfor timely strategic environmental assessments, and environment impactassessments, including fully utilizing guidance adopted by the Conference of the Parties to theConvention,toreport on measures taken toavoid or minimize impacts on biodiversityby specificeconomic sectors, including energy and mining, infrastructure and manufacturing and processing, as wellashealth,andto improve practices and contribute to ecosystem restorationandsustainability;(c)Utilize upstream planning tools,suchas integrated spatial planning, to consider all available options forachievingsectoralneeds,while avoiding or minimizing impacts on biodiversity;1Fourteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, ninth meeting of theConference of theParties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and third meeting of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-Sharing, 17 to 29 November 2018; High-level Ministerial Segment of the meetings, 14 to 15 November 2018, Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt.2(d)Expand dialogue and exchange experiences and best practices among all actors involved ininfrastructure development, particularly urban expansion,to enhance thematic and sectoral cooperation between cities and regions,and to mainstream the principles of healthy cities in urban planning, management, decision making and development;(e)Mainstream biodiversity and health linkages into policies, plans and strategiesin line with the objectives of the2030 Agenda for Sustainable Developmentand regional and national development agendas;(f)Develop policy and legislative frameworks to create financial and non-financial incentives, includinginter aliawith regard to public procurement procedures and law enforcement, aimed at mainstreaming biodiversity indevelopment sectors, consistent with international obligations;(g)Strengthen the development and application ofnature-based approachesto achieveclimate changemitigation and adaptation,while simultaneouslycontributingto biodiversityobjectives;Urgethe businesssector, financial institutions and other stakeholders toapplythe above actions, as appropriate,andincrease and improve beststandards andpractices for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity andusesocial and environmentalsafeguards in decisions concerningsustainability measures andinvestments;Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020Committo redouble efforts to fully implement all decisions adopted by the Conference of the Parties to makeprogress on the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and its twenty Aichi Biodiversity Targets, includingthe mobilization of international and national resources for their achievement;Encourageintegratedimplementationofthe 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development inamanner thatcontributes to the achievement of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020; and make use of national reports inthe context of future Global Sustainable Development Reports;Invite the United Nations system, indigenous peoples and local communities, academics, civil society,international organizations, the business sector, and other stakeholders to strengthen their contributions to theimplementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity;Further Action in the lead-up to 2020Welcomethe development of the process for apost-2020 global biodiversity framework (“New Deal for Nature”)to be adopted at the fourteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity; Commit to:(a)develop an ambitious, transformational post-2020 global biodiversity framework rooted in systems transition, building on the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals,through enhanced strategic collaboration and cooperation with other State and non-State actors, to further achieve the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity;(b)mobilize actions to reduce nature-based risks and leverage nature-based solutions, resources and other natural innovations and technologies, to further achieve the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity;(c)act to develop voluntary national biodiversity commitments commensurate with existing international commitments on biodiversity, to be announced before the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity in 2020,contributing to the implementation of thepost-2020 “New Deal for Nature”;Invite the General Assembly of the United Nations to convene a Heads of State Nature Summit(Nature Summit2020)before the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in2020, to highlight the urgency for action at the highest levels in support and full implementation of the 2030Agenda for Sustainable Development and a post 2020 “New Deal for Nature”.


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14th Biodiversity COP (2018)

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