Photo: Roberto Llebig, Lago
Lagunas de Montebello National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Lagunas de Montebello) is locate in Chiapas, near the border with Guatemala, comprising 59 multi-colored lakes in a pine forest and two Maya archaeological sites. It was the first national park in Chiapas when created in 1959, and in 2009 the park was designated a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO.
UNESCO: Montebello is located between the physiographic region of the High Plain of Chiapas and the Gulf Coastal Plain, which is part of the physiographic province of Sierras de Chiapas and Guatemala. This region corresponds to the floristic regions of Miranda, called central massif and plains and slopes of the north of the central massif. Its physiography includes from small drains to great trenches. There are also big caves and cavities of varied shapes and dimensions. The average height of the area is 1,500 masl (meters above sea level) (INEGI, 1982).
In Lagunas de Montebello are 10 % of the orchids registered for the State of Chiapas. It’s also the home of more than 42 species of lepidoptera, 70 species of coleoptera, 9 species of fish, 15 species of amphibians, 35 species of reptiles, 277 species of birds and 65 of mammals.
The area contains a representative sample of the central massif, besides, it is located in a transition area between the Lacandon jungle and forest that joins the central Massif with Guatemala.
The ecological goods and services produced by the ecosystems of the protected natural area Lagunas de Montebello, include the protection of the genetic heritage; the absorption of greenhouse gases; the climate regulation, the maintenance of water resources; soil conservation; the preservation of landscape value; the production of timber and non-timber forest resources, and the structuring of habitats for a wide variety of flora and fauna.