Migration = Movement of people to a new area or country in order to find work or better living conditions; Seasonal movement of animals from one region to another.
Fast Facts via the FAO
- In 2015, there were 244 million international migrants, 40% more than in 2000.
- People who move within national borders were estimated at 763 million in 2013, meaning that there are more internal migrants than international migrants.
- About one-third of all international migrants are aged 15-34. Nearly half are women.
- In 2015, migrants sent over USD600 billion in remittances to their countries of birth. Of that, developing countries received about USD441 billion , nearly three times the amount of official development assistance.
- A large share of migrants come from rural areas where more than 75% of the world’s poor and food insecure depend on agriculture and natural resource-based livelihoods.
- Most migrants, whether international or internal, originate in the Middle East and North Africa, Central Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe.
- In 2015, 65.3 million people around the world were forcibly displaced by conflict and persecution, including over 21 million refugees, 3 million asylum-seekers and over 40 million IDPs.
- A quarter of global refugees reside in only three countries (Turkey, Pakistan and Lebanon).
- In 2015, more than 19 million people were internally displaced because of natural disasters. Between 2008 and 2015, an average of 26.4 million people were displaced annually by climate or weather-related disasters.
Sea-level rise and human migration