Planeta.com’s spotlight on the biodiversity, wildlife, parks and protected areas in India
MoEF preparing guidelines to protect tiger corridors – @dna
Is India selling out its tigers?
Tiger Conservation and Ecotourism in India – Tourism Watch
New community driven tourism guidelines for 600 wildlife areas
India bans tourists from tiger reserves
The Central Indian Landscape (CIL) supports approximately 31% of India’s #tiger population.
The CIL covers seven states – Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and a small part of Rajasthan.
Despite the immense potential of CIL, no single #tiger sub-population is genetically-viable in long run.
That’s why protecting corridors is so important.
"I would like to emphasise that conservation of tigers is not a choice. It is an imperative." Honourable PM Shri @narendramodi at 3rd AMM.
— Wildlife Conservation Trust (India) (@WCT_India) April 12, 2016
— Ananda Banerjee (@protectwildlife) April 14, 2016
India has designated a total of 605 Protected Areas, covering approximately 4.74% of the total geographical area of the country.
Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP)
Great Himalayan National Park is a habitat to more than 375 faunal species as well as a great variety of plant life.
The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) is located in the Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, India. Initially constituted in 1984, GHNP was formally declared a National Park in 1999, covering an area of 754.4 sq kms. In 1994, two major changes were made in land use around the Park. A buffer zone of 5 km from the Park’s western boundary, covering 265.6 sq km. and including 2,300 households in 160 villages, was delineated as an Ecozone. Most of the population (about 15,000 to 16,000 people) in the Ecozone are poor and dependent on natural resources for their livelihoods.
Sunshine Himalayan Adventures (SHA) is an approved Tour Operator in the Northern Indian State of Himachal Pradesh (HP) and the only one permitted to offer tours in the pristine wilderness of India’s newest National Park – The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP).
Khangchendzonga National Park
Kaziranga National Park
Nagarhole National Park
Bandipur National Park
Established in 1982, Wildlife Institute of India (WII) is an internationally acclaimed Institution, which offers training program, academic courses and advisory in wildlife research and management. The Institute is actively engaged in research across the breadth of the country on biodiversity related issues.
The Government of India in September 2012, submitted to the Director-General, UNESCO a “Request for Action” towards the establishment of a Centre of Excellence on Natural World Heritage for Asia and the Pacific region at the Wildlife Institute of India (WII), an internationally acclaimed institution in the field of natural resource conservation located in Dehradun, as a Category 2 Centre under the auspices of UNESCO.
World Heritage Sites
Kaziranga National Park, Assam, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/337
Sunderbans National Park, West-Bengal, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/452
Manas National Park, Assam, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/338
Community partnered ecotourism in the Protected Area neighbouring villages in the state of Maharashtra, India
We are presently involved in developing community partnered ecotourism in the Protected Area neighbouring villages in the state of Maharashtra, India. We are aware of the substantial work that is being undertaken in many communities worldwide. This is a request for help from other members in developing a Guideline Manual.
– Anirudh Chaoji – email@example.com
Background: Even today, in most parts of India, the State Forest Departments (SFDs) are implementing Conservation practices in our Protected Areas (PAs) in complete isolation of the Communities. Needless to mention – this practice has meant questionable results in protecting India’s rich biodiversity. This had also given rise to strong antagonism between the SFD and the local communities. It has long been felt that this strong lack of trust needs to be bridged.
Mandate: The SFD in Maharashtra came up with a policy that was almost revolutionary as, for the first time it looked at partnering the forest neighbouring communities for Conservation. There were many challenges and the first one was raising funds for implementation. It was here that the then Principal Secretary in the Government of Maharashtra, Mr. Pravin Pardeshi IAS initiated the (SFDs) new Policy of implementation of Eco Tourism – in association with the communities.
Formation of Eco Development Committees (EDC): Maharashtra and most other states in India had seen the formation of Joint Forest Management (JFM) committees in the past. However, in the absence of funding mechanism, the JFM movement is all but dead in India.
Thus the then Principal Secretary’s new model was unique as it ensured sustainable generation of funds for the new entity called Eco Development Committee (EDC). In the new mechanism, the gate fees generated from tourism are now directly routed to the EDC (as opposed of the state treasury elsewhere). The Forest Round Officer is the Secretary of the EDC, who ensures that the funds thus generated are utilised for livelihood generation in the community – by implementing conservation works around their community.
Communities had never believed that the SFD and more so the Tourists could actually benefit them in anyways. And now most of the EDCs have a substantial fund in their bank accounts.
Activities undertaken by us: We have been partners of the SFD for over five years in the role of trainers for their staff and have been associated with the EDC programme since its inception. Now we are conducting Training of the EDC youth to benefit from Eco-Tourism by becoming naturalists/ guides and also conducting hospitality training for helping community members run home-stays.
Location: Tiger Reserves and Protected Areas (PAs) in the State of Maharashtra, India:
Pench T.R., Tadoba Andhari T.R., Navegaon Nagzira T.R., Sahayadri T.R., Bhimashankar W.L.S. and Kaas flowering plateau.
The Nanda Devi National Park , established in 1982, is a national park situated around the peak of Nanda Devi (7816 m) in the state of Uttarakhand in northern India. Along with the adjoining Valley of Flowers National Park to the northwest, it was inscribed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988. Nanda Devi National Park covers an area of 630.33 km2 (243.37 sq mi) and together with Valley of Flowers National Park is encompassed in the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve totaling a protected area of 2,236.74 km2 (863.61 sq mi), which is surrounded by a buffer zone of 5,148.57 km2 (1,987.87 sq mi). This Reserve is part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves since 2004.
India – Nature’s Wonderland (documentary)